Premenstrual syndrome, also called PMS, is a medical condition and has symptoms that affect many women of childbearing age. In fact, PMS causes a series of physical and psychological symptoms and changes that occur just before menstruation. The American School of Obstetrics and Gynecology defines PMS as the occurrence of a cycle of symptoms that can be serious enough to interfere with certain aspects of life and occur in connection with menstruation.
What causes premenstrual syndrome?
The exact cause of the premenstrual syndrome is unknown, but it appears to be related to fluctuations in the levels of the hormones estrogen and progesterone, which occur as the body prepares for menstruation.
What are the symptoms of PMS?
It has different symptoms and the number and severity of these symptoms vary in different women. The severity of these symptoms can also vary in a woman during different months of her period. Common symptoms of PMS include:
Sensitization and tightening of the breasts
Food cravings / increased appetite
Temperament and irritability
Stress and depression
Eighty-five percent of menstruating women experience some of these symptoms in connection with their period. But only 2% to 10% of women experience severe symptoms.